In Canada, there are 9 universities whose graduates are awarded a Bachelor of Science degree in pharmaceutical sphere. The training program lasts for 4 years, after which students undergo practice before working for at least one year like Canadian Pharmacy did.
Taking into account an internship of approximately 6 months during and after graduation, as well as passing a written examination by The Pharmacy Examining Board of Canada, the entire learning process takes approximately 5.5 years. In Canada, no further training is required after completing a bachelor’s degree to practice in a community service pharmacy.
Pharmacists (technicians in the pharmacy): Their role has been expanding recently. It will be expanded as the workload of pharmacists increases. Canada currently has an average of 1.8 full-time pharmacists and 2.0 part-time pharmacists, but these pharmacies and stores also have over-the-counter and salesroom staff with an average of 4.4 full-time employees and 4.8 part-time positions.
Each province has its own rules and regulations regarding the involvement of pharmacists in the dispensing of medications. Quite often there are differences in regulations regarding the responsibilities of pharmacists in outpatient and inpatient health care facilities and pharmacies.
Also, in some provinces of the country, the maximum ratio of the number of employed pharmacists and technicians has been established, however, there is a constant tendency to abolish the established ratios.
In general, the duties of pharmacists imply the performance of all the functions of dispensing drugs, and the pharmacist is left with direct interaction with the doctor, monitoring the prevention of allergic reactions and drug interactions, consulting and discussing drug therapy with the patient, as well as final verification and responsibility for dispensed drugs. Canada has a national voluntary association for the advocacy of pharmacists.
However, there are no specific health legislation regarding the professional role of pharmacists, regulation and/or licensing of their activities. Some provinces are attempting to certify pharmacists by licensing, but the process is still in its begining and licensing is not a requirement for a pharmacist to practice.
Also, there are no requirements for the mandatory special training of pharmacists to work in pharmacies serving the population, and while many technicians working in pharmacies will receive education at a college (institute) or correspondence departments (this will take from 6 months to 2 years) , even more of them will either receive on-the-job training or undergo private individual training at the discretion of their employer.